Article Title: The diffusion of internet voting. Usage patterns of internet voting in Estonia between 2005 and 2015
Authors: Vassil, Solvak, Vinkel, Trechsel, Alvarez
Personal Evaluation: This is a really important article for our project. Internet voting is not an abstract idea. It is used in Estonia since 2005. This paper investigates 8 elections in between 2005 and 2015 in Estonia. These 8 elections are local, national and european. The authors do not focus on only one election. With basing on Rogers(2003) idea of innovation, they research if really internet voting brings what it promises. The authors research if are there any conditions which makes internet voting more reachable for some people than others. It is found that after 3 elections the factors which separates people about adoption of internet voting, disappears gradually. In 2005 only 2 % of votes were from internet, but by the time 2015 this grew to the 30%. Adoption and turnout for internet voting is not something that happens in one night. Estonia experience shows to us that internet voting should be a long term plan. States should not turn their back to internet voting with one bad experience. They should give time for more people to participate in it when they realize benefits and easiness of its use.
local national european
total 8 elections
importance of experience
slightly similar systmes, first through web then through an application
estonia is already digitally developed. forexample every citizen should have electronic id-card which is compulsory for all estonian citizens
diffusion of innovations
innovation decision process
-gaining knowledge of technology
-being convinced to its usefulness
first adopters to technological laggards
with time age difference flattens gradually
In first elections ethnicity/language was also a differentiating factor. This could be important for countries like Turkey where there are many minorities and many mother languages. Ethnicity effect also disappears with time.
Technical capability did not lose its differentiating power.
Trust was also important factor, but with time it lost its power.
Education, gender, income, left-right self position did not have any strong relations.