Democracy via cyberspace

This article from Lincoln Dahlberg is an important one to cite. Dahlberg firstly talks about first examples of electronic democracy. Interestingly couple of attempts were done with using TV networks firstly. Then after historical background, Dahlberg discusses what people think of this new technology called internet would mean for democracy. According to Dahlberg there are three groups who thinks that same technology should be used in three different ways. First one is liberal individualistic approach, second is communitariaism and last one and his main contribution on this paper is deliberative democracy. Dahlberg provides a good  background analysis for how the rhetoric of electronic democracy is discussed and tried to be shaped.

Article: Democracy via cyberspace

Author: Lincoln Dahlberg




the 19th century voting machines

Especially at the end of 19th century and early 20th century was witnessed a lot of inventions regarding voting machines. Most of these machines are not even used in any elections and stayed as prototypes. Some of these attempts are at below.

Chamberlin’s “Apparatus for Recording Votes at Elections”,1848

Baranowski’s “Scrutateur Mécanique”, 1849

Monaghan’s “Mode of taking yeas and nays in legislative bodies”,1848

Siemens’ “Abstimmtelegraph”, 1856

Edison’s “Vote Recorder”, 1869

Mayrhofer’s “Pneumatischer Abstimmungs-Apparat”, 1877

Odhner’s “Ballotierapparat”, 1902

Boggiano’s “Psephograph”, 1905

Punch Card Systems

Even though the system was patented in 1889, it was not intended to use for voting systems. In 1960s two professors used this patent for voting systems. The machine became highly successful and used in US elections widely. It is used first in 1964 and by the 1996 %37 of voters used punched card system.

Myer’s Level Voting Machine

The video below show how Myer’s Level Voting Machine is used. This machine was widely used in US for a long time in several states. It is invented in 1892 and widely used up until 1960s. One of the interesting facts about this machine is, researchers found out that, the vote count 99 is happening more than it should be. It is argued that some gears in older machines sometimes do not turn to count vote 100. This is a potential danger of this Machine. This problem is not common.

The Evolution of Voting in United States

Article below has many important information regarding the history of voting. How and which technologies are used in the process are told. The history of voting is quite astonishing. From this page we understand that, US had always used tactics and new machines throughout the years. This was possible because of autonomy of the states and free market ideas. These free market ideas are effected even voting technologies.