This article from Lincoln Dahlberg is an important one to cite. Dahlberg firstly talks about first examples of electronic democracy. Interestingly couple of attempts were done with using TV networks firstly. Then after historical background, Dahlberg discusses what people think of this new technology called internet would mean for democracy. According to Dahlberg there are three groups who thinks that same technology should be used in three different ways. First one is liberal individualistic approach, second is communitariaism and last one and his main contribution on this paper is deliberative democracy. Dahlberg provides a good background analysis for how the rhetoric of electronic democracy is discussed and tried to be shaped.
Article: Democracy via cyberspace
Author: Lincoln Dahlberg
You may download our group’s presentation from the following link:
What Can Democracies Gain from Online Voting
As we discussed before, there are crucial requirements of e-voting systems which are privacy, receipt freeness and coercion resistance. The most difficult requirement is coercion resistance as it also guarentees privacy and receipt freeness. There are several papers which suggest methods for these requirements. In the following paper, Lee, Boyd et al. have proposed a method for receipt freeness in mixnet based voting protocols.
Especially at the end of 19th century and early 20th century was witnessed a lot of inventions regarding voting machines. Most of these machines are not even used in any elections and stayed as prototypes. Some of these attempts are at below.
Chamberlin’s “Apparatus for Recording Votes at Elections”,1848
Baranowski’s “Scrutateur Mécanique”, 1849
Monaghan’s “Mode of taking yeas and nays in legislative bodies”,1848
Siemens’ “Abstimmtelegraph”, 1856
Edison’s “Vote Recorder”, 1869
Mayrhofer’s “Pneumatischer Abstimmungs-Apparat”, 1877
Odhner’s “Ballotierapparat”, 1902
Boggiano’s “Psephograph”, 1905
Even though the system was patented in 1889, it was not intended to use for voting systems. In 1960s two professors used this patent for voting systems. The machine became highly successful and used in US elections widely. It is used first in 1964 and by the 1996 %37 of voters used punched card system.