Democracy via cyberspace

This article from Lincoln Dahlberg is an important one to cite. Dahlberg firstly talks about first examples of electronic democracy. Interestingly couple of attempts were done with using TV networks firstly. Then after historical background, Dahlberg discusses what people think of this new technology called internet would mean for democracy. According to Dahlberg there are three groups who thinks that same technology should be used in three different ways. First one is liberal individualistic approach, second is communitariaism and last one and his main contribution on this paper is deliberative democracy. Dahlberg provides a good  background analysis for how the rhetoric of electronic democracy is discussed and tried to be shaped.

Article: Democracy via cyberspace

Author: Lincoln Dahlberg

 

 

How Coercion Resistance is Implemented in E-Voting

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As we discussed before, there are crucial requirements of e-voting systems which are privacy, receipt freeness and coercion resistance. The most difficult requirement is coercion resistance as it also guarentees privacy and receipt freeness. There are several papers which suggest methods for these requirements. In the following paper, Lee, Boyd et al.  have proposed a method for receipt freeness in mixnet based voting protocols.

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the 19th century voting machines

Especially at the end of 19th century and early 20th century was witnessed a lot of inventions regarding voting machines. Most of these machines are not even used in any elections and stayed as prototypes. Some of these attempts are at below.

Chamberlin’s “Apparatus for Recording Votes at Elections”,1848

Baranowski’s “Scrutateur Mécanique”, 1849

Monaghan’s “Mode of taking yeas and nays in legislative bodies”,1848

Siemens’ “Abstimmtelegraph”, 1856

Edison’s “Vote Recorder”, 1869

Mayrhofer’s “Pneumatischer Abstimmungs-Apparat”, 1877

Odhner’s “Ballotierapparat”, 1902

Boggiano’s “Psephograph”, 1905

Punch Card Systems

Even though the system was patented in 1889, it was not intended to use for voting systems. In 1960s two professors used this patent for voting systems. The machine became highly successful and used in US elections widely. It is used first in 1964 and by the 1996 %37 of voters used punched card system.